OS X uses plist files to store configuration information – you can think of them as OS X’s version of the windows registry. There are a number of tools to edit and read .plist files. Here is some tools that I use that work from the command line.
To read a plist you can use:
defaults read /Library/Preferences/com.apple.CrashReporter
and similarly to write a value to a plist
sudo defaults write /Library/Preferences/com.apple.CrashReporter SomeKey -bool TRUE sudo defaults write /Library/Preferences/com.apple.CrashReporter SomeKey -string "somevalue"
sudo defaults delete /Library/Preferences/com.apple.CrashReporter SomeKey
You can also use plutil to dump an XML version to stdout:
plutil -convert xml1 -o - filename.plist
as well as convert between binary and XML formats. Xcode also ships with a plist editor (standalone prior to XCode 4, built-in since then).
And if that wasn’t enough there’s also PlistBuddy, here’s an example command to print a particular key ‘BluetoothVersionNumber’:
/usr/local/bin/PlistBuddy -c Print:BluetoothVersionNumber /Library/Preferences/com.apple.Bluetooth.plist